Wars and invasions of Afghanistan:
Afghans have fought and fought throughout history to liberate their country from the Macedonian, Safavid, Mongol and others.
Britain has also been forcing wars on Afghans. The first Afghan-British war was in the year 1838 to 1842, the second war in the year 1878 and the third war in the year 1919.
After the 3 wars with British Empire, finally Afghans regained their independence from British Empire, although Afghanistan was never colonized by British Empire, as the Afghans pushed them out of their territory but indeed Afghans also lost a part of Afghanistan soil to British India, which is called Durrand Line.
The Afghan PAK border is called Durrand Line which is never accepted as a border line by the Afghans, the Afghans specially Pashtons still call it Afghan territory, till now it has not accepted as Afghan PAK border.
The beginnings of miseries
The country witnessed some irregularities and high morals, but remained relatively steady and progressive till the fall of Daud Khan regime and during the Pro Soviet regime of Khalq and Parcham, During the Pro Soviet regime Afghan forces were equipped with advanced Soviet equipment.
The misiries started once again when the Soviet regime invaded Afghanistan, on these days Jihadi groups by the help of western countries, CIA, Saudis and ISI of Pakistan started war against the Afghan regime and Soviet forces, the exact death toll from the Soviet invasion is unknown, but more than one million Afghans are said to have died, millions have been displaced, the country’s infrastructure has been destroyed and over 15000 Soviet soldiers have been killed.
After the expulsion of the invading forces in the year 1988, the Afghan Mujahideen with the help of ISI Pakistan kept fighting and overthrew the Soviet-backed government Dr. Najibullah’s regime and relinquished power to Sebghatullah Mujadidi, on the advice of the jihadist parties, however, after 2 years of Power Mujahideen regime was collapsed into many groups they began to fight themselves and so on the civil war began.
The Taliban movement began in 1994 with a commitment to abolish irregularities and uphold the Islamic values in Kandahar, and by the end of the year it had seized large numbers of provinces including Kabul the capital city.
USA and NATO forces invasion in Afghanistan
Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, a native of Saudi Arabia who stood with the Afghan mujahideen against the Soviet Army, also joined the armed group Taliban, but Osama bin Laden was accused by the United States of being involved in the events of 9/11, and the United States called on the Taliban to withdraw him.
When the Taliban rejected the US demand, they launched an air strike on the Taliban in October of that year, and later with the help of the Northern Alliance, toppling the Taliban regime.
42000 troops from 46 countries of the world joined forces with hundreds of thousands of US troops, to eliminate the armed opposition of the Afghan government and al-Qaeda unfortunately these forces achieved nothing but also the activities of the armed opposition groups like (Taliban, Islamic Party led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, Haqqani and others) expanded day by day and now the scope of insecurity has spread from the south to the northern provinces of the country.
US President Barack Obama while announcing his new strategy for Pakistan and Afghanistan in March 2009, called the situation of both countries Pakistan and Afghanistan “extremely dangerous”
On December 2011 USA began withdrawing their troops from Afghanistan and in July 2014, NATO forces have also handed the security of the country to Afghan forces.